Fertility in a female is a woman’s capability to conceive a biological child. If you and your partner have surpassed the age group of 35 years and have still been trying to get pregnant with recurrent unprotected sex for the about six months or for the past one year, there is a likelihood you might question your chances of being fertile. Hence awareness regarding fertility constitutes essential knowledge for every female and is an imperative tool for effectively accessing the health of a woman.
The period of menstruation is the most perceptible event during the reproductive cycle of a female, however, the most significant event is ovulation. During a woman’s life, the ovary travels through diverse stages with respect to its ovulatory and hormone-secreting capability. The aspect of the ovarian cycle also known as the ovarian continuum takes into consideration the varied types of ovarian activity perceived during a woman’s procreative life as normal responses to numerous ecological conditions, with the function of safeguarding the health of the mother and child in case of conception.
Fertility consciousness is the female’s ability to recognize the occurrence or absenteeism of ovulation. The existence of ovulation is a chief indicator of the fact that the woman is in good health. The reproductive life of a women starts in the embryonic phase: about two months post the event of fertilization has befallen, the primordial germ cells, the future oogonia, detach from the embryo and travel towards the yolk sac, thus averting the procedure of embryonic cell differentiation. Roughly around four weeks later, these germ cells get transferred to the gonadal ridge, the area of the forthcoming ovary, they get settled and are enclosed by somatic cells to start their process of differentiation, developing lots of rudimentary ovarian follicles. At this phase, about 7 million primordial follicles are generated, most of which will suffer atresia (a deteriorating procedure), plummeting this number.
Fertility in women changes with age
A females best reproductive years are in her twenties. The chances of fertility slowly drop down in the thirties, chiefly post the age of thirty-five. Every month that she tries, a fit and a healthy, productive 30-year-old woman stands a twenty percent chance of conceiving. That indicates that for every hundred fertile women falling under the age group of thirty years trying to get pregnant in 1 cycle, about twenty will receive positive results while the other 80 will have to try again. Till the time the woman reaches the age of forty, her chance to reproduce is less than five percent per cycle, so fewer than five out of every hundred women are predictable to be fruitful each month. Women fail not to remain productive until the time they reach menopause. The normal age for menopause is fifty-one, but most women become incapable to have a successful pregnancy sometime in their mid-forties. The age-related loss of female productiveness is a result of both the quality and the quantity of eggs slowly declines.
Lifestyle affects healthy fertility
While your age, biological conditions and genetics greatly impact fertility, it is wrong to say that lifestyle has no role to play at all. According to various surveys and studies conducted, up to thirteen percent of non-productiveness may be attributable to smoking of cigarettes. Smoking reduces the ovarian reserve and leads to chromosomal harm to a woman’s eggs, and it’s likely that women who smoke excessively reach menopause 1 to 4 years prior than non-smokers. Other lifestyle conditions like being significantly overweight or underweight or having an uneven sleep pattern, could also disturb fertility by generating a hormone imbalance. To improve your rate of fertility it is advisable that women should quit smoking to help your hormonal levels to regulate. Also getting to a healthy weight and following a regular sleep pattern will positively impact your fertility levels and will help them in coming back to normal.
For a safe and successful pregnancy and most importantly to uphold healthy health of the woman, it is very important that women have a good amount of understanding about all the facts related to fertility and age, to help them make informed choices about their lives and their health.
Affect on the woman, mentally and physically
Being infertile definitely has a profound impact on a woman’s health. It tends to take a toll on both physical and emotive health while the sexual, spiritual, and monetary facets of one’s life are all impacted by infertility of the women’s reproductive system. The most common mental health distresses experienced by most women are symptoms of anxiety and depression. Each passing menstrual cycle gets along with a roller coaster ride of emotions such as annoyance, frustration, irritation, betrayal, guilt, grief, and even loss of hope. With each friend who happily announces her pregnancy and with every expecting mother that she may pass in the grocery store, the patient’s level of anxiety and strain can become all the more overwhelming.
An important point to consider is that being not able to conceive naturally is not like a lost battle, infertile women still stand a chance. In today’s medically advanced world, there are numerous available treatments like IUI or IVF to name a few, which will help deal and emerge out successfully through the grave malady of infertility. Thus these fertility treatments can help many infertile couples to go on to conceive a child and fulfill their dream of parenthood.